A variety of factors determine our distinct grief response to each specific loss. Three most potent determinants are; who we are, who the person is that died, and the nature of the relationship we had. The blend of these three components is always different with each loss in our life.
Who we are takes into account our unique personality, life experience and maturity, the current timing and circumstances of our life, our worldview and values, and the coping strategies we have learned and utilize in our daily life. The degree to which we are self-assured, secure, and comfortable with experiencing intense and changing emotions will affect how we deal with the limitations we encounter in the face of mortality and death. What is your prior experience with loss? Have others provided examples for coping with loss? Has your prior experience helped prepare you in anyway for your current loss? What are the current circumstances of your life? Is it a good time, a tumultuous time, a stressful time? Do you have meaningful relationships with others that give you a sense of connection while you are going through the profound experience of disconnection from the one who died? It is common for people to equate being in emotional pain and distress with being weak or having something wrong with them, especially when the pain and distress go on for an extended period of time. Being self-critical at this time will accentuate the grief. These and many other personal traits will give unique shape to the universal experience of grief.
Who is the person who died? Think beyond the relation he or she is to you. Consider her or his unique personality and traits, and who she or he has been in your life. Was he or she a person who loved you and made you feel safe unlike any other person, your confidant and support person, or someone who made you feel inadequate and small? Someone who took care of you, that you could rely on, or someone who was unpredictable and disappointed you? A mentor or guide in your life, a best friend through thick and thin, or a burden upon you? Someone who shared your sense of humor, enthusiasm for like interests, accepted your faults, or one who diminished your accomplishments and opinions? How did they add and detract from who you see yourself to be? In what way did they affect your definition of yourself? Very likely there was a mix of good and bad experiences. The one who died is not a generic person whose absence creates a vacancy, which can be filled by another person. He or she is specific to you in ways that are helpful to clarify as part of the mourning you do.
The quality of the relationship is also of much importance with respect to the individual way in which the loss is experienced. Was it a balanced relationship between two equals, a relationship of love and mutual respect? Was the power in the relationship wielded primarily by one person? In caring for, or being cared for, was there a sense of willingness, or perhaps one of resentment and being stuck or trapped? Was there a constancy of feeling and style of relating, or ambivalence that pervaded the relationship. Was there an open dialogue of thoughts and feelings between you, or one of quiet assumption and acceptance? Most relationships have their better and worse qualities, but the inclusion of abuse, whether verbal, psychological, physical, sexual, alcohol, or substance often adds a particularly confusing, complicating, and painful element to the grief.
Because no two people or relationships are identical, we can see why people, even in the same family, respond differently to the death of the same person. Siblings may, and often do, vary in their grief response to the death of their parent. Certainly, the spouse’s loss is quite different than the child’s when we take into account the wide range of variations between individuals, and the uniqueness of the relationship between individuals. The individual nature of grief applies to all people and losses. Focusing in on the uniqueness of each individual and relationship facilitates healthy mourning in that it acknowledges the truth of what existed and what has been lost. This is an important step in associating memories and meaning with the deceased, and integrating the experience of loss into our perception of self and way of being in the world.
Read more about Grief on the following pages.
Grief | Starting Points | The Universal Response | The Pain | Paradox | The Personal Side | Personal & Relationship | Timing & Circumstances | Culture & Religion | More Reading